Shark Attack Tips from National Geographic.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU’RE ATTACKED
• If attack is imminent, defend yourself with whatever weapons you can, advises the ReefQuest Centre for Shark Research. “Avoid using your [bare] hands or feet if you can avoid it; if not, concentrate your blows against the shark’s delicate eyes or gills.” A shark’s snout is also said to be sensitive.
• If a shark actually gets you in its mouth, says ISAF’s George Burgess, “I advise to be as aggressively defensive as you are able. ‘Playing dead’ does not work. Pound the shark in any way possible. Try to claw at the eyes and gill openings, two very sensitive areas.”
• If bitten, try to stop the bleeding. Leave the water as efficiently, calmly, and swiftly as possible. While many sharks will not bite again, you cannot rule out a second attack.
• Get immediate medical attention, no matter how small the injury.
HOW TO HELP A VICTIM
• Remove the victim from the water as soon as possible.
• Even before you leave the water, begin controlling bleeding by pressing on pressure points or by applying tourniquets.
• Protect the victim from cold by wrapping him or her in a blanket to minimize heat loss.
• Once out of the water try not to move the victim unnecessarily. Call for medical help.
National Geographic News – Shark facts: attack stats, record swims, more…:
Over 375 shark species have been identified, but only about a dozen are considered particularly dangerous. Three species are responsible for most human attacks: great white (Carcharodon carcharias), tiger (Galeocerdo cuvier), and bull (Carcharhinus leucas) sharks.
A 16-year-old boy, Craig Hutto, was attacked by a shark while fishing from a sandbar about 50 metres offshore of a sandspit at Cape San Blas on the Florida panhandle in the United States.
The attack, which took place about 10.30am local time on Monday 27 June, is the second shark attack in three days on the Florida panhandle. A 14-year-old girl was killed by a shark on Saturday 25 June near Destin about 130 kilometres northwest of Cape San Blas.
The boy was fishing in waist-deep water with two friends when the shark bit him on the right thigh, nearly severing his leg.
The three fought the shark off the boy, hitting it on the nose several times. Hutto was pulled ashore by his friends and a doctor who happened to be nearby began treatment before he was taken to Bay Medical Center in Panama City by helicopter.
A hospital spokesperson told media his leg was amputated and he was listed in critical condition, but expected to recover.
Eric Ritter of the US-based Shark Attack Institute told media it was unlikely that the two attacks were by the same shark.
Experts with the US-based International Shark Attack File (ISAF) pointed out that this attacked was provoked as the boys were baiting the water to catch fish, while the attack on the girl two days earlier was unprovoked as she was merely swimming on her boogie board.
Florida is considered the world’s shark attack capital with an average of 32 attacks a year between 2000 and 2004, according to the ISAF.
USA Today report
Tim Dicus was surfing when he heard the scream. He turned and saw a girl swimming as fast as she could _ and another one face down in a bloody circle of water. Dicus, 54, paddled over to the wounded 14-year-old girl, who had been swimming on a boogie board about 100 yards offshore.
“Right next to her was the shark, about to come up and attack her again,” Dicus said. He put the girl on his surf board and the shark _ which appeared to be a bull shark about 8 feet long _ went after her hand.
Surfer Recounts Fatal Shark Attack in Florida
A 14-year-old girl, Jamie Marie Daigle, was fatally attacked by a shark while boogie boarding with a friend about 200 metres offshore of a Florida beach in the Gulf of Mexico, on Saturday, 25 June. A nearby surfer who witnessed the attacked and brought the girl to shore told media he thought it was an eight-foot Bull shark.
He said most of her thigh had been bitten off revealing the bone.
The girl who was on holiday from Louisiana.
CNN said: “The attack happened at about 11:15 a.m. in front of a campground near
the Sandestin Golf and Beach Resort in the Florida Panhandle between Pensacola
and Panama City, eight miles east of Destin, United States.”
This is the first shark attack in the area, according authorities.
The surfer and two men took the girl to shore. She was transported to the Sacred Heart hospital in Destin where she was pronounced dead.